Updated: Jul 31, 2021
Built by African Americans during the Civil War, models of the Shoupades are displayed in area museums, and actual remnants can be seen along the Chattahoochee River Line
Supported by railroad commerce, areas like Austell, Mableton, Vinings, Powder Springs and Smyrna thrived as bustling towns before the Civil War. Later, General William T. Sherman and his U. S. troops would out-maneuver Southern brigades who went on to destroy Atlanta by fire during the Civil War. Despite the River Line forts and Shoupades in Cobb County designed to stop Sherman and his men, the battle was devastating to the South and among the bloodiest in the U. S., with a loss of 12,000 lives in this region alone. Places such as the notable Mable House were transformed into nursing posts to mend the wounded. Built by African Americans, models of the Shoupades are displayed in area museums, and actual remnants can be seen along the Chattahoochee River Line. Other casualties of the war were significant, including the New Manchester Manufacturing Company; the luxurious 500-hundred room Sweetwater Hotel and Lithia Vapor Baths; the Ruffs grist mill, as well as many residential homes.